Key message update from Uganda: Irregular rainfall reduces prospects for agricultural production in several parts of Uganda – Uganda
Due to erratic precipitation resulting in drier-than-normal conditions, the first season crops in localized areas of the West Nile, Lango, Acholi and Bunyoro subregions in the north and west of the Uganda will likely be below average and delayed until July. In contrast, heavy rains triggered floods and landslides that displaced up to 300,000 people and caused light to moderate crop damage in parts of northeast and western Uganda. . In addition, more than 45 districts are quarantined for livestock to limit the spread of foot-and-mouth disease, thus eliminating a source of income. Agricultural and animal production is otherwise normal in the rest of bimodal Uganda. In general, agricultural production, low retail food prices and other sources of food and income are sufficient to maintain minimum results (IPC Phase 1) in bimodal areas until September. However, some households most affected by climatic shocks may be in Stress (IPC Phase 2), including, but not limited to, the Teso sub-region and the districts of Bukedea, Rakai and Kasese.
In Karamoja, the results of Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stress (IPC Phase 2) are expected to persist at the livelihood zone level until September. Some of the poorest households are probably in an emergency situation (IPC Phase 4), particularly in Kaabong and Moroto districts where levels of acute malnutrition are abnormally high. The start of the rainy season from April to September was delayed, and heavy rains in May also caused flooding and waterlogging, especially in Napak and Kotido districts. The main season harvest is now expected to be below average and delayed until September / October due to late planting, excess water and poor financial capacity of households to purchase seeds for replanting. As a result, the lean season will be extended by two months. In addition, insecurity along market roads and waterlogged pastures disrupt access to livestock grazing areas and hamper livestock sales. Income in cash and in kind from other sources, as well as wild foods, does not allow households to meet their minimum food needs.
In rural refugee camps, which host most of the 1.48 million refugees living in Uganda, humanitarian partners continue to distribute cash and in-kind food assistance to 62 and 38 percent, respectively, of intended beneficiaries. The latest market analysis conducted by WFP and REACH indicates that the value of the cash transfer (UGX 19,000 / person / month) could cover on average 129% of the cost of the ration in March. Based on a food basket of corn kernels, beans, oil, and salt, this roughly equates to about 18-23 days of food with low dietary diversity. Meanwhile, the monthly in-kind ration is estimated at only 18 days, and sources of income to cover the remaining food needs remain low in all settlements. In addition, poor rainfall delayed the harvest in the West Nile colonies. Although food availability improves slightly with the June / July harvest, WFP warns of further aid cuts due to insufficient funding. Therefore, the results of the crisis (IPC Phase 3) are more likely from June to September.
April price data shows retail corn prices have fallen 3-7% in rural markets such as Masindi,
Kamwenge, Kyegegwa and Mubende. However, Kenya in May lifted the ban on importing maize from Uganda, which had been imposed in early March to enforce food safety standards to control mycotoxin levels. Therefore, a rebound in formal corn exports across the Busia border leads to higher retail prices for grains and flour based on preliminary market reports. Despite this, an adequate market supply and the impending June / July harvest are expected to keep staple food prices near or below the 2020 and five-year averages, thus improving access to food for poor urban households. and rural.